The DUSK Network is a decentralized infrastructure that enables fast, anonymous and
secure bi-directional transmission of data among equipotent peers, paid for by a
privacy-oriented cryptocurrency: DUSK.
1 - DUSK Anonymous Network Layer
A gossip oriented communication tier inspired by I2P.
2 - Segregated Byzantine Agreement
A novel privacy-oriented consensus algorithm vastly more efficient than PoW or PoS.
3 - Secure Tunnel Switching
A protocol allowing cryptocurrency payments for time-unbound and fast data
We conceived the DUSK Network to
be the first unrestricted and fully distributed communication network
that does not compromise high data-rate transmission capabilities with
the security and anonymity of its peers.
The system features a new consensus algorithm vastly more efficient than
proof-of-work or proof-of-stake called Segregated Byzantine Agreement,
and built on top of a low-latency gossip network which utilizes
non-repliable datagram and garlic routing in order to prevent IP
Finally, the DUSK Network is complemented with an off-online file
transfer mechanism and with realtime Dusk payment channel to enable
undetectable and fast peer-to-peer data communication through a
technique we call Secure Tunnel Switching.
A NEW DAWN FOR DECENTRALIZED PRIVACY
The DUSK Network
The very existence of freedom of expression, access to cultural heritage,
information pluralism and economic liberty depends on the availability of a mean of
communication capable of guaranteeing uncontrolled exchange of information and
The DUSK Network was conceived for this purpose: to provide its peers with an
unsurveilled and unstoppable network infrastructure that grants them the
possibility to communicate freely while safeguarding their identities.
Everything within DUSK Network is skewed toward decentralization, privacy and
communication efficiency: from the anonymous transport layer which solves IP
tracking to the Secure Tunnel Switching protocol which allows efficient data
transmission paid for through a blockchain-based digital cash called DUSK.
The opacity of DUSK Blockchain makes every DUSK unit untraceable and therefore
Transactions need propagation only to a small and non-deterministic subset of the
Engineered for decentralized applications that need high data-rate, secure and
Segregated Byzantine Agreement consensus is designed to guarantee block
There is no decentralized anonymous platform for low-latency bidirectional streaming of
data through a privacy-oriented cryptocurrency.
This means you cannot implement a decentralized, unsurveilled and uncensorable video
streaming, mobile messaging, video on demand, audio on demand … until that happens. That
is, until Dusk.
A new era of private communication
The Dusk Blockchain
DUSK Network uses the novel Segregated Byzantine Agreement protocol where the
network intensive tasks of block verification,
voting and notarisation are carried out by non-transactional nodes called
Provisioners and are kept separated (i.e. segregated)
from block generation. Dusk Provisioners use Guru algorithm to guarantee fast
voting convergence and resilience to attacks.
Guru has been developed by Dusk lead cryptographer Dmitry Khovratovich.
Normal transactional nodes
compete in the block generation process by committing a secret amount of DUSK to a
cryptographic lottery which they run non-interactively. The result is a priority score
that gets propagated to the Verifiers.
The Verifiers audit
the highest priority score by decrypting its bid through the Secret Reconstruction
Protocol. Thus, they propagate its associated block to the other Provisioners.
The candidate block
associated with the audited winning bid gets voted upon by a subset of Provisioners
called Voters until a threshold of votes is reached. Voters are
randomly selected throughout the different voting rounds.
The Voters which reached
voting consensus are called Notaries. They notarize the block by adding the
reward information, append the block to the blockchain and play the role of Verifiers
in the next block’s Validation phase.
What is it for?
The DUSK Network solves the problem of
secure data transfer, low-latency transmissions and paying for time-unbound
communications with cryptocurrencies. This enables the anonymization and
video and audio conferencing
File transfer and Online storage
Communication channel for IoT and mission
Unshackle from ISPs and solve bandwidth asymmetry
By running Provisioners, you are part of the Dusk Network backbone and help improving
bandwidth availability and communication
The Dusk Network implements virtual point-to-point link by electing super-gateways
Provisioner pool in a way that is not that dissimilar from the election of supernodes
in other systems.
super-gateways would allow for traffic traveling across different network paths to be
aggregated and for
the best circuits to be assembled so to achieve increased bandwidth and link
redundancy. The election of
the super-gateway happens regularly through a set of challenges to test for:
Degree of Synchronization
Working towards your rights to privacy and free communication
Freedom of speech, expression and opinion are intimately dependent on the availability
of information pathways devoid of any form of censorship or control.
Safeguarding the existence and free access to such communication channels can be
guaranteed solely by establishments devoted to the technological advancement of global
and privacy-oriented interconnectedness, driven by neither economical nor political
This is why the Dusk Foundation has been incorporated as a not-for-profit to oversee the
inception, fundraise and long-term development of the Dusk Network and to chair an
alliance of institutions with the focus on advancing the right to anonymity and
actively researching decentralized communication technology.
The research activities and implementation of Dusk Network will be commissioned to
participants in the alliance and independent contracting partners.
how we're getting there
• Research Seeding
• SBA* Outline
• Nomenclature of Secure Tunnel Switching
Dusk Non-Profit Foundation •
Private Fundraising •
Dusk EU Consortium Kickstart •
Dusk and Dusk.Network are trade names of Stichting Dusk Foundation, a
foundation (stichting) incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands, having its
statutory seat and registered offices in (1071 GL) Amsterdam, the Netherlands at the address of
Van Eeghenstraat 94, registered with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce under file number 72006234
We at Dusk take your privacy and the security of your information seriously. We are committed to
being responsible custodians of the information you provide to us and the information we use in
the course of operating our business. Personal information (persoonsgegevens) entails
all information about a specific person, this also goes for information that can be used to
(indirectly) identify you or that we can link to you. By using this statement, we at Dusk wish
to comply and act in accordance with our obligation to inform the persons from who we use data,
as is required under the General Data Protection Regulation (Algemene Verordening
Gegevensverwerking or the “GDPR”).
We will only use your personal information as set out in this privacy statement. By (i) using
our website https://dusk.network (the “Website”),
and (ii) interacting and corresponding with us, you agree to us using your personal information
in accordance with this statement.
USAGE OF YOUR PERSONAL DATA
Dusk will collect the personal data mentioned in this statement exclusively for the following
to verify whether or not you are eligible to participate in our upcoming token sale;
to provide our services to you, including but not limited to the execution of agreements
you have entered into, to verify your identity, to maintain accurate information about you,
and/or to carry out or respond to questions, requests and/or instructions from you;
to carry out, monitor and analyse our business;
to troubleshoot, operate and improve our digital services and our Website;
to send you newsletters, marketing communications, and/or other information that may
interest you; and
to share information you provide to us with selected third parties that provide services to
THE TYPES OF PERSONAL DATA WE COLLECT
Dusk will collect the following information to be provided voluntarily by you to us for the
purpose of providing our services and in order to comply with KYC and AML regulation:
your name, address and primary place of residence;
your phone number;
a photocopy of your ID;
a photograph of yourself; and
your corporate information (if applicable).
BASIS FOR PROCESSING YOUR PERSONAL DATA
Dusk will process your abovementioned personal data exclusively on the (legal) basis listed
below, as such in accordance with clause 6 of the GDPR:
given consent to the processing;
for the performance of a contract;
for compliance with a legal obligation to which Dusk may be or is subject(ed); and
for the purposes of the legitimate interests pursued by Dusk.
SHARING YOUR PERSONAL DATA WITH THIRD PARTIES
Dusk only shares your personal data with third parties insofar as necessary for the provision of
services with due observance of the aforementioned (legal) basis. Nevertheless, Dusk may
provide your personal data to a third party, such as services providers, a supervisor or any
other public authority, to the extent that there is a legal obligation to do so.
If a third party is contracted by Dusk to processes your personal data on behalf of Dusk, a
‘processing agreement’ (verwerkersovereenkomst) is concluded under which
the designated third party is also obliged to comply with the GDPR. Third parties contracted by
Dusk who offer services as a controller (if any), are also responsible for compliance with the
GDPR for the (further) processing of your personal data.
STORAGE OF YOUR PERSONAL DATA
The personal data that we collect from you will be transferred to and stored at a secure server
administered by Dusk or a service provider appointed by Dusk. Your personal data will be
processed by staff who work for us and/or by staff who work for one of our suppliers. This
includes staff engagement in, among other things, but not limited thereto, the fulfilment of
your order and the providing of support services. By submitting your personal data you agree to
this transfer, storing and processing. We will take all the necessary steps to ensure that your
data is treated securely and in accordance with this privacy statement.
All the (personal) data you provide to us is stored on secured servers. Where we have given you
a password which enables you to access certain parts of our Website, you are responsible for
keeping your own password confidential.
Unfortunately, the transmission of information via the internet is not completely secure.
Although we will do our best to protect your personal data, we cannot guarantee the security of
your data transmitted to and through our Website. Therefore, any transmission is at your own
risk. Once we have received your personal information, we will use strict procedures and
security features to try to prevent any unauthorised access.
HOW LONG DO WE KEEP YOUR PERSONAL DATA
We will keep your personal data no longer than is necessary in accordance with the (legal) basis
and purposes stated above and/or to meet legal and regulatory requirements.
You have the right under the data protection laws to access and review the information we hold
about you, subject to certain conditions. If you wish to make an application to access this
information, please contact us via the contact details stated at the end of this privacy
statement. You also have the right to amend or update the information which we hold about you.
To do so, or if you wish us to stop using your personal data, you can also contact us via the
contact details stated at the end of this privacy statement. You will receive a written
response by us within four (4) weeks of receipt of your request.
Specific circumstances may arise because of which Dusk cannot (fully) execute your request as
mentioned above. Such circumstances may include, amongst other things, compliance with a legal
obligation to which Dusk may be or is subject(ed).
If you are of the opinion that we are not treating your personal information with an adequate
level of precision and/or confidentiality, you also have the right to file
a complaint with the Dutch Data Protection Authority (Autoriteit
THIRD-PARTY WEBSITES AND SOCIAL MEDIA
On the Website ‘buttons’ and/or hyperlinks are included to promote or share web
pages on social (media) networks or third-party websites such as Twitter, Telegram or YouTube.
Dusk does not supervise these networks and websites and is therefore not responsible for the
processing of your personal data by and through the parties behind those networks and websites.
The use of these media is therefore at your own risk. Before you make use of these third-party
services, Dusk recommends you to read the privacy statements of those third parties.
In order to increase the user-friendliness of the Website and to collect the data of usage of
the Website, Dusk uses so-called 'cookies'. A cookie is a small text file that is placed on
your computer, tablet or smartphone during your visit on the Website. You can refuse the use of
these cookies at any time, although this may limit the functionality and ease of use of the
The Website also uses analytical cookies to follow, in general terms, the user behaviour and
general trends and to obtain reports. This helps to improve the functioning of the Website.
Dusk may provide this information to third parties if Dusk is legally obliged to do so or
insofar third parties process the information on behalf of Dusk. By using the Website, you
agree to the processing of the information by Dusk in the manner and for the purposes described
above. Cookies are also placed by the use of buttons and/or links, as described above under “Third-party
websites and social media”. As stated before, Dusk has no influence on the
placement and usage of those cookies by third parties.
Dusk has the right to change the contents of this privacy statement at any time without any
prior notice. Amendments to this privacy statement are published on the Website. Therefore, we
advise you to consult the Website on a regular basis.
QUESTIONS AND CONTACT DETAILS
We welcome your comments and inquiries. If you wish to contact us with questions about our
privacy or data protection practices, please use the following contact details:
This version of Dusk’s privacy statement has been implemented on July 21st
By using the website https://dusk.network/ (the “Website”),
you hereby agree (i) to become a party to this agreement (the “Agreement”)
and (ii) that your counterparty is Stichting Dusk Foundation, a foundation (stichting)
incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands, having its statutory seat and registered
offices in (1071 GL) Amsterdam, the Netherlands at the address of Van Eeghenstraat 94,
registered with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce under file number 72006234 ("Dusk").
WHAT THESE USER TERMS COVER
This Agreement applies to all visits to and use of the Website, and to all information,
recommendations and services that Dusk provides to you on this website (the “Information”).
The Information specifically, but not limited thereto, includes the description of the Dusk
project as contained in the whitepaper “The Dusk Network And Blockchain
Architecture”, published on the Website.
INFORMATION AND OBLIGATIONS
The Information is for general purposes only and does not constitute (any) advice. You realise
that using the Website and/or entering into this Agreement does not give you any rights and/or
does not oblige Dusk to (do) anything, except for the actions expressed in this Agreement. More
specifically and for the avoidance of doubt: using the Website and/or entering into this
Agreement does not give you the right and/or does not oblige Dusk to enter into any further
agreement whatsoever and/or to obtain (future) tokens in any form whatsoever.
Dusk is not liable for any damage resulting from the use of Information on the Website. This
includes damage caused by viruses or any inaccuracy or incompleteness of the Information. Dusk
is also not liable for any damage resulting from the use of electronic communication, including
damage resulting from a failure to deliver or a delay in delivering electronic communication,
from interception or manipulation of electronic communication by third parties or computer
programs used for electronic communication and from transmission of viruses.
You hereby acknowledge and agree that you will not hold Dusk, its directors, its employees
and/or any third party involved with (the creation of) the Information and the Website liable
for any and all damages caused by or related to (the execution of) this Agreement, the
Information and/or the Website. You are not entitled to personally or via (a) class action(s)
hold Dusk liable or file for claims for any damages arising out of or in connection with this
Agreement, the Information and/or the Website.
The Website provides links to external internet sites, such as social media internet sites. Dusk
is not liable for the use or content of external sites that link to or from the Website. Our
those external sites.
Unless otherwise indicated, Dusk owns all rights to the Website and the Information, including
copyrights and other intellectual property rights.
You and other users like you may read the Website and the Information and make copies for their
own personal use, for example by printing or storing the Information. You and other users like
you may not make any other use of the Website or the Information without Dusk’s express
written consent. This includes the storage or reproduction of the Website or parts of the
Website on any external internet site or the creation of links, hypertext links or deeplinks
between the Website and any other internet site.
If terms in this Agreement are or become partially invalid, you and Dusk will continue to be
bound to the remaining terms. The invalid terms shall be replaced by terms that are valid and
achieve so far as possible the intended effect of the invalid terms, taking into account the
content and purpose of the Agreement.
Notwithstanding the provisions in this Agreement, you hereby waive your rights to annul and/or
dissolve this Agreement, or cause it to be annulled or dissolved, on any grounds whatsoever,
including, but not limited to, pursuant to section 6:265 to section 6:272, and section 6:228 of
the Dutch Civil Code (Burgerlijk Wetboek) that relate to the annulment or dissolving
of this Agreement on account of an error or to apply to a court of law to annul or dissolve
this Agreement. Furthermore, you waive your right to demand this Agreement to be amended on any
grounds whatsoever including, but not limited to, pursuant to section 6:230(2) or section 6:258
of the Dutch Civil Code.
This Agreement and any non-contractual obligations arising out of or in connection with this
Agreement are exclusively governed by and shall be construed in accordance with the laws of the
Any disputes arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, including regarding the
existence or validity of this Agreement, and any non-contractual obligations arising out of or
in connection with this Agreement, are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the competent
court in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.