decentralized. private. communication.

What is it?

The DUSK Network is a decentralized infrastructure that enables fast, anonymous and secure bi-directional transmission of data among equipotent peers, paid for by a privacy-oriented cryptocurrency: DUSK.

1 - DUSK Anonymous Network Layer

A gossip oriented communication tier inspired by I2P.

2 - Segregated Byzantine Agreement

A novel privacy-oriented consensus algorithm vastly more efficient than PoW or PoS.

3 - Secure Tunnel Switching

A protocol allowing cryptocurrency payments for time-unbound and fast data transmission.

We conceived the DUSK Network to be the first unrestricted and fully distributed communication network that does not compromise high data-rate transmission capabilities with the security and anonymity of its peers.

The system features a new consensus algorithm vastly more efficient than proof-of-work or proof-of-stake called Segregated Byzantine Agreement, and built on top of a low-latency gossip network which utilizes non-repliable datagram and garlic routing in order to prevent IP Address propagation.

Finally, the DUSK Network is complemented with an off-online file transfer mechanism and with realtime Dusk payment channel to enable undetectable and fast peer-to-peer data communication through a technique we call Secure Tunnel Switching.


The DUSK Network

The very existence of freedom of expression, access to cultural heritage, information pluralism and economic liberty depends on the availability of a mean of communication capable of guaranteeing uncontrolled exchange of information and messages.

The DUSK Network was conceived for this purpose: to provide its peers with an unsurveilled and unstoppable network infrastructure that grants them the possibility to communicate freely while safeguarding their identities.

Everything within DUSK Network is skewed toward decentralization, privacy and communication efficiency: from the anonymous transport layer which solves IP tracking to the Secure Tunnel Switching protocol which allows efficient data transmission paid for through a blockchain-based digital cash called DUSK.

Emanuele Francioni

Blockchain R&D


The opacity of DUSK Blockchain makes every DUSK unit untraceable and therefore interchangeable.


Transactions need propagation only to a small and non-deterministic subset of the network


Engineered for decentralized applications that need high data-rate, secure and anonymous transmissions


Segregated Byzantine Agreement consensus is designed to guarantee block irreversibility


There is no decentralized anonymous platform for low-latency bidirectional streaming of data through a privacy-oriented cryptocurrency.
This means you cannot implement a decentralized, unsurveilled and uncensorable video streaming, mobile messaging, video on demand, audio on demand … until that happens. That is, until Dusk.
A new era of private communication

The Dusk Blockchain

DUSK Network uses the novel Segregated Byzantine Agreement protocol where the network intensive tasks of block verification, voting and notarisation are carried out by non-transactional nodes called Provisioners and are kept separated (i.e. segregated) from block generation. Dusk Provisioners use Guru algorithm to guarantee fast voting convergence and resilience to attacks. Guru has been developed by Dusk lead cryptographer Dmitry Khovratovich.

Normal transactional nodes compete in the block generation process by committing a secret amount of DUSK to a cryptographic lottery which they run non-interactively. The result is a priority score that gets propagated to the Verifiers.

The Verifiers audit the highest priority score by decrypting its bid through the Secret Reconstruction Protocol. Thus, they propagate its associated block to the other Provisioners.

The candidate block associated with the audited winning bid gets voted upon by a subset of Provisioners called Voters until a threshold of votes is reached. Voters are randomly selected throughout the different voting rounds.

The Voters which reached voting consensus are called Notaries. They notarize the block by adding the reward information, append the block to the blockchain and play the role of Verifiers in the next block’s Validation phase.

What is it for?

The DUSK Network solves the problem of secure data transfer, low-latency transmissions and paying for time-unbound communications with cryptocurrencies. This enables the anonymization and decentralization of:

media-on-demand services

video and audio conferencing

File transfer and Online storage

Communication channel for IoT and mission critical applications

Unshackle from ISPs and solve bandwidth asymmetry

The DUSK Transport

By running Provisioners, you are part of the Dusk Network backbone and help improving bandwidth availability and communication reliability.

The Dusk Network implements virtual point-to-point link by electing super-gateways among the Provisioner pool in a way that is not that dissimilar from the election of supernodes in other systems.

The super-gateways would allow for traffic traveling across different network paths to be aggregated and for the best circuits to be assembled so to achieve increased bandwidth and link redundancy. The election of the super-gateway happens regularly through a set of challenges to test for:

  • Bandwith
  • Computational Power
  • Degree of Synchronization
  • Ping Round-trips
  • Version Freshness
Dusk Transport
Working towards your rights to privacy and free communication

The DUSK Foundation

Freedom of speech, expression and opinion are intimately dependent on the availability of information pathways devoid of any form of censorship or control.

Safeguarding the existence and free access to such communication channels can be guaranteed solely by establishments devoted to the technological advancement of global and privacy-oriented interconnectedness, driven by neither economical nor political interests.

This is why the Dusk Foundation has been incorporated as a not-for-profit to oversee the inception, fundraise and long-term development of the Dusk Network and to chair an alliance of institutions with the focus on advancing the right to anonymity and actively researching decentralized communication technology.

The research activities and implementation of Dusk Network will be commissioned to participants in the alliance and independent contracting partners.

Dusk Foundation
how we're getting there

the roadmap

    • Research Seeding
    • SBA* Outline
    • Nomenclature of Secure Tunnel Switching
  • INCEPTION Q3 2018
    Dusk Non-Profit Foundation •
    Private Fundraising •
    Dusk EU Consortium Kickstart •
    • Devnet
    • Vouching Seeder & Entry Tunnel
    • Provisioner
    • Wallet
  • CORE Q1 2019
    SBA* •
    Anonymous Gossip Network •
    XST-20 Confidential Security Token Standard •
    Testnet •
  • ROLLOUT Q2 2019
    • P2P State Channel Engine
    • Secure Tunnel Switching
    • Mainnet
    Zero-KYC Security Trading •
    Decentralized Private MPLS •
  • R&D Q2 2020
    • Confidential Decentralized Storage
    • Network Partitioning For Horizontal Scalability
    • Programmable ZK-Contracts

tech team members

  • Emanuele Francioni

    Project & Tech Lead
  • Fulvio Venturelli

    Lead Researcher
  • Dmitry Khovratovich

    Lead Cryptographer
  • Jules De Smit

    Blockchain Developer
  • Kieran Hall

    UX & Front-End Dev
  • Haischel Dabian

    Senior Project Engineer
  • Kevaundray Wedderburn

    Blockchain Engineer
  • Toghrul Maharramov

    Senior Researcher
  • Dan Acristinii

    SW Architect
  • Axel Verhuel

    Blockchain Engineer

business team members

  • Jelle Pol

    Business & Product Dev
  • Tobias Disse

    Business & Strategy Dev
  • Jeske Eenink

    PR & Communication
  • Pascal Putman

    OSS Project Management
  • Mels Dees

    Partnerships & Business Dev
  • Thom Bergman

    Senior Project Developer
  • Alexander Enthoven

    Project Developer

advisory team members

  • James Roy Poulter

    The Reserve
  • Aylon Morley

    Wentworth Hall Family Office
  • Gary Quin

    Credit Suisse
  • Richard Sanders

  • Marcel Roelants